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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif terrestrial arrow.gif life arrow.gif plant (a.k.a. vegetable :-)

plant : any of a kingdom (Plantae) of multicellular eukaryotic mostly photosynthetic organisms typically lacking locomotive movement or obvious nervous or sensory organs and possessing cellulose cell walls (plant, 2015) [1] blank.gif Webster
botany : properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group (botany, 2015) [2] blank.gif Webster
horticulture : science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants (horticulture, 2015) [3] blank.gif Webster
garden : to lay out or work in a garden (garden, 2015) [4] blank.gif Webster See also Biosociety Glossary
Plants are living organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. They include familiar organisms such as trees, flowers, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae. The scientific study of plants, known as botany, has identified about 350,000 extant species of plants, defined as seed plants, bryophytes, ferns and fern allies. As of 2004, some 287,655 species had been identified, of which 258,650 are flowering and 18,000 bryophytes (see table below). Green plants, sometimes called Viridiplantae, obtain most of their energy from sunlight via a process called photosynthesis. ("Plant," 2015) [5] Wikipedia

Spotlight


Plants Communicate Using Underground Fungi


Plant Communication: David Attenborough's Natural Curiosities


Learning Plant Learning: Prof. Ariel Novoplansky at TEDxJaffa


How Parasitic Plants Use the Language of RNA on Their Victims (Alan Boyle, NBC News)

Genomic-scale exchange of mRNA between a parasitic plant and its hosts (Gunjune Kim, Megan L. LeBlanc, Eric K. Wafula, Claude W. dePamphilis and James H. Westwood, Science)

Related


Subjects
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Subheadings

Common Classification

flowerblank.giftreeblank.giforblank.gif land (embryophyte, terrestrial)blank.gif water (aquatic) blank.gif air (epiphytic)


Technical Classification

seed blank.gifangiosperm (flower dicotyledonblank.gifmonocotyledon) blank.gifgymnosperm (cone)
seedlessblank.gifpteridophyta (fern, club moss) blank.gif bryophyta (moss, liverwort, hornwort)
microorganismblank.gifalgae


Resources


Biology of Plants


Plants Do Math to Determine Energy Intake


Scientists find proof plants are capable of complex arithmetic (Nick Collins, The telegraph)
Thinking Plants Salvation for Humanity (Tom Ukinski, The Guardian)

Australian Carnivorous Sundew Plant Captures Fruit Flies


Tentacled, Carnivorous Plants Catapult Prey Into Traps (Christine Dell'Amore, National Geographic News)

Drosera Glanduligera (Wikipedia)

These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...

Type

Subject Specific Links
portal

Natural Perspective: The Plant Kingdom (Ari Kornfeld)
dictionary

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords
glossary

Biosociety Glossary UCMP Glossary, Botany
encyclopedia

Horticulture (ScienceZine) Plant (Wikipedia) Botany (Wikipedia) Plant Science & Botony (Wikipedia)
introduction

Introduction to the Plantae: The green kingdom (UC Museum of Paleontology)
classification

Tree of Life Web Project, Green Plants
Study of Northern Virginia Ecology, Classification Page, Plant Kingdom
directory

Specific Scott's Botanical Links Internet Directory for Botony
Plant Biology (Botany)(Internet Public Library)
Dewey 561 Palaeobotany, fossil (BUBL LINK)
Dewey 571.92 Plant pathology & physiology (BUBL LINK)
Dewey 580 Plants (BUBL LINK)
Dewey 580.7 Botanical gardens and museums (BUBL LINK)
Dewey 630 Agriculture and related technologies (BUBL LINK)
Botony, WWW Virtual Library Botany, Academic Info.
Free dmoz Commercial Best of the Web
search

"plant" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha
product

shop Amazon eBay gift Zazzle
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history

Botany: The history of a science (Peter v. Sengbusch)
timeline

Interactive Plant Evolution Timeline
library

Library of Congress
lcsh

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust
dewey

561 Palaeobotany, fossil Dewey Browse
580 Plants Dewey Browse
630 Agriculture and related technologies Dewey Browse
book

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books
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education

Globio Glossopedia, Plants Botony Online Textbook
Botony Coloring Book PlantingScience.org CliffsNotes
course

Open Education Consortium
organization

Botanical Society of America
blog

WordPress
news

Science News, Life, Botany ScienceDaily.com, botany NPR Archives Google News
article

Google Scholar
serial

American Journal of Botony
resource

Plants database from the USDA
government

USA.gov

Garden


How to Start a Flower Garden


Vegetable Gardening : How to Plant a Vegetable Garden for Children Step by Step


Rochester (NY) Gardening Web: 1800+ Links By Category
Gardening Launch Pad
Specific Plants and Gardening Techniques (Internet Public Library)
Gardening, WWW Virtual Library
Telegraph, Gardening News

Gardening: the latest gardening news and best gardening advice


Urban


Fenway Farms: Boston Red Sox Go Green With Rooftop Garden | NBC Nightly News


Did you know there’s a secret garden at Fenway? (Ashli Molina, Boston.com)

The Green Side of the Fence: Urban Gardening in Boston


Urban agriculture (Wikipedia)

Vertical


Vertical farms solve land problem


Singapore Vertical-Farms that herald an Agricultural Revolution


Food in the sky? Highrise farming idea gains ground (Mariette Le Roux and Claire Snegaroff, Yahoo News)

Urban farming.org
Urban agriculture (Wikipedia)[[@http://www.verticalfarm.com/|Vertical farm.com
Vertical farming (Wikipedia)

Bionic


How Bionic Plants Will Change Everything!


Bionic plants: Nanotechnology could turn shrubbery into supercharged energy producers or sensors for explosives (Anne Trafton, MIT News Office)
The $6 Mln Plant? Bionic Plants on the Horizon (Morgen E. Peck, IEEE Spectrum)
Bionics (Wikipedia)

Fun


Mickey's Garden (1935)


The Art of Plants




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3D


This resource uses SecondLife (SL) and SLurls. Learn more...

SecondLife Destination Guide, Gardens & Landscaping
SecondLife Destination Guide, Home & Garden
SecondLife Destination Guide, Nature & Parks
SecondLife MarketPlace, Home and Garden
SecondLife MarketPlace, Landscaping

SLurl SecondLife Botanical Gardens
Luna Bliss Garden Center
MEP Martie's Elegant Plants
Arctic Greenhouse
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More...

vegetable.gif
Latest Headlines | Science News
Botany News -- ScienceDaily
American Journal of Botany current issue
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Credit

Editor Mary E. Hopper
Contributor Neil R. Carlson


plants7.JPG

© Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 9/1/2015 v.1.5


















  1. ^ plant. 2015. In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plant
  2. ^ botany. 2015. In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/botany
  3. ^ horticulture. 2015. In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/horticulture
  4. ^ garden. 2015. In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/garden
  5. ^ Plant. (2015). In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/plant